View the Catalogue for available plants this year

Note: THIS PAGE IS FOR GENERAL PLANT & TREE INFORMATION ONLY.

See
our 2014 catalogue for available plants this year.


Apple - Prairie Sun / New Hydrangea - Annabelle
Apricots Iris
Asparagus Ivy - Engelman
Ash- Black/Mountain/Green Larch
Aspen - Swedish/Trembling Lilac - Villosa/Miss Kim / Tinkerbelle
Birch - Grey/River/Paper Maple - Amur/Manitoba
Buffalo Berry Mixed Wild Rose
Buckthorn (Sea Buckthorn) Mulching - a must!
Caragana (Common / Sutherland) Oak - Burr
Cherry-Evans/Nanking/Pincherry/Black Nanking (see Nanking) Onion - Egyptian
Cherry-Mongolian/Chokecherry/Schubert/U of Sask/Carmine Jewel Pear
Chestnut - Hardy Peony
Clematis - Blue Boy Pine - Mugo/Scotch (Scots)/Ponderosa/Lodgepole
Cotoneaster Plum - Canada , Double Flowering
Crab - Siberian Poplar- Brooks #6/Byland/Prairie Sky Poplar
Currant - (Buffalo Currant/ Red Currant/Black) Potentilla - Yellow/White/Pink
Diablo Ninebark Raspberry - Boyne/Primocane/Heritage
Dogwood Rhubarb - German Wine
Dolgo Crab Rose - Mixed Wild
Dwarf European Cranberry Russian Almond
Evergreens - (Spruce/ Pine) Russian Olive
Ferns Saskatoons
Gooseberry Sandcherry
Grapes Sea Buckthorn
Hawthorn Snowball Cranberry
Hens and Chicks Spruce - Blue/Colorado, White
Highbush Cranberry Strawberries - Everbearing/June-bearing
Honeyberry - Berry Blue, Blue Belle Willow - Weeping/Wolf/Laurel Leaf/Pussy/Golden
Honeysuckle Virginia Creeper
Hops  

CLICK ON THE PHOTOS TO VIEW A LARGER PICTURE

AMUR MAPLE
Height : 10-15 feet
Spread:
Growth Rate: Medium
Low headed, globe shaped tree or large upright-spreading shrub. Fairly fast growing small tree with a graceful spreading form. Attractive glossy green foliage in summer turns a vivid scarlet in fall. Tolerates most soils. Plant in full sun. Hardy to zone 3


APPLE - NEW
Height :
Spread:
Fruit: Larger than prairie sun
Growth Rate: Medium
Developed at the U of S this apple is one of the most exciting new apples to hit the prairies! The apple is flavorful, sweet and has a skin color of red/green. Blind taste tests have preferred the flavor over Gala. It is a firm, crisp and juicy apple that has excellent storability and it is extremely hardy. So new, it is still not named and has no mature information.

APPLE - PRAIRIE SUN
Height : 8 - 12 feet
Spread: 8 feet
Fruit: Medium, up to 3"
Growth Rate: Medium
Developed at the U of S this apple is a multipurpose apple that ripens the first week in September. The fruit has a nice shape and the color is yellowish cream with a pink blush. The flesh is crisp, juicy and sweet.

APRICOT
Height:15 feet
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Spread: 9 feet
Flowers: White
Growth Rate: Medium
Prairie apricots are high in vitamin A and usually used for canning and jam. Apricots require two different apricot varieties or a Nanking Cherry within a city block for pollination. They have orange to red fall leaf color and require full sunlight and well-drained soil.



ASPARAGUS
Height: 6 - 12 inches
Spread: plant in clusters or rows
Growth Rate: Perennial
Asparagus is very hardy on the prairie and extremely productive. Plant in a small group or garden row and harvest asparagus every year. Allow the first year seedling to go to seed and establish itself the first year of planting. It makes a great ornamental as well.

ASH - BLACK
Height: 40-50 feet
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Spread: 15 - 18 feet
Flowers: Not showy
Fruit: Winged seeds only on female trees
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Long
Foliage looks slightly different from most ashes because the leaves have no stalks. It turns a vibrant yellow in the fall and holds its leaves longer than most. Upright compact variety widely used as boulevard tree. Prefers moist soil and full sun.


ASH - GREEN
Height: 45-60 feet
Spread: 15-18 feet
Flowers: Not showy
Fruit: Winged seeds only on female trees
Growth Rate: Medium to fast
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Long
An extremely hardy tree, excellent for shelterbelts. Females have seeds. Widely used as a boulevard tree. Prefers moist soil and full sun yet it will tolerate clay. The green ash is an upright, high headed tree.

Additional information about Green Ash

ASH - MOUNTAIN
Height: 20-30 feet
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Spread: 12 - 16 feet
Flowers: Clusters of tiny, white flowers
Fruit: Clusters of red, orange or pink berries
Growth Rate: Slow to medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short to average
An extremely hardy, rounded tree with dark green leaves and yellow fall foliage. Berries attract lots of birds in the winter and this tree is very attractive year round. The berries are small but are extremely potent. The mountain ash makes an excellent specimen tree.

ASPEN - SWEDISH
Height: 30 - 36 feet
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Spread: 3-5 feet
Flowers: Male seedless clones
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone:2
Lifespan: Average
The Swedish Aspen has a very formal appearance with narrow columnar growth habits and orange-yellow fall color. Suited for small yards, as a screen or a vertical accent. None invasive root systems and cottonless. Excellent for lining driveways, fence-lines, shelterbelts or group plantings. The most notable feature of the aspen is its leaves, which tremble and shiver in the slightest breeze. Even the slightest air movement causes a very soothing, soft rustling sound. The Swedish Aspen has non invasive root system and is cottonless.


ASPEN - TREMBLING
Height: 30-50 feet
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Spread: 30 feet
Flowers: Long catkins in spring
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone: 1
Lifespan : Average
Trembling Aspen is an oval-headed tree with bright green leaves and nearly white bark that darkens and roughens with age. Although Trembling Aspens are not suitable as feature trees however, they are rather attractive in groups. They prefer sun to partial shade and moist soil.

BIRCH-GREY
Height: 30-35 ft.
Spread: 30-35 ft.
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Also known as the European Birch. Its bark is white and papery. Black, corky, rough spots forming a more or less diamond shaped pattern are common on the lower trunks of older trees. This tree prefers a sandy soil, provided that moisture is not in short supply. The youngest shoots are a distinguishing feature. They are long and thin and arch downwards. The foliage turns a bright yellow in the fall.

BIRCH-PAPER
Height: 35-40 ft.
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Spread: 30-35 ft.
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
One of the most permanent and desirable of all white barked Birches. Attractive chalk-white color to bark when older. Foliage turns a striking yellow in the fall. The paper birch adapts well to most sites but is very susceptible to prolonged drought. In recent years it has been attacked by a leaf miner which has spoiled the appearance of the foliage and caused much leaf drop from midsummer onward. The use of the systemic insecticide can give some measure of control when used at high concentrations as a soil drench. Winter color of this tree is very effective when viewed against a contrasting background.

BIRCH-RIVER
Height: 15 - 20 ft.
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Spread: 10 - 15 ft.
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
This tree is interesting, largely because of its ornamental bark. It has white bark with a strong tendency to peel in horizontal strips and also tending to darken with age. The foliage is medium green and turns a lovely gold in the autumn.

BLUE BOY CLEMATIS
Height: 4 - 6 feet

 

Spread: Vine
Flowers: Steel blue
Growth Rate: Perennial

A 1947 cross between C.integrifolia and C viticella by Dr. F.L. Skinner in Borden, Manitoba. Blue Boy has beautiful steel blue coloring with slightly nodding 5" flowers. The blooming time is June - September. The non-clinging stems are most attractive if grown through a small shrub, or attached to a support. Plant in sun to partial shade.

Clematis - 'Pamela Jackman' is invaluable for early colour, in mid to late spring, and has nodding flowers like blue lanterns with white stamens in the centre. The blooms can be up to 5cm (2in) long. Plants are quite small and pruning is not essential, making them ideal for growing up through shrubs and small trees where pruning would be impractical. Alternatively use them to cover the bare bases of tall old climbing roses or trained trees to add colour and interest to bare trunks. Also good to add seasonal colour.




BUFFALO BERRY
Height: 12 feet
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Spread: 9 feet
Flowers: White
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2b
Lifespan: Average
Unique colored foliage makes these native shrubs useful contrast plants. The Buffalo Berry is extremely drought tolerant and hardy in salty soil conditions. Ornamental red fruit appears on thorny female shrubs. Male and a female plant needed to produce fruit.

CARAGANA - COMMON
Height: 12-16 feet
Spread: 9-10 feet
Flowers: Bright yellow 1 inch, flowers in late spring
Growth Rate: Fast
Lifespan: Average
Zone: 1
One of the toughest, hardiest group of plants for the prairies. Caraganas are drought-tolerant shrubs with profuse, yellow, pea-like blooms in spring and lustrous , golden bark. Ideal for hedge, screen or windbrea. Colorful yellow foliage in the fall.They prefer well drained soil and full sun.

CARAGANA - SUTHERLAND
Height: 15 - 20 feet
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Spread: 3-4 feet
Flowers: Bright yellow 1 inch, flowers in late spring
Growth Rate: Fast
Lifespan: Average
Zone: 1
Extremely hardy and drought tolerant. Sutherland Caragana provides a formal look with its upright form while being very low maintenance.Their branches are lined with a profusion of bright pea-flowers in late spring. They are very fast growing and make wonderful privacy screens or shelter belts. Caragana has the ability to "fix" atmospheric nitrogen - it takes nitrogen from the air and, with the help of soil bacteria, changes it into a compound that plants are able to use. Because of this, caragana grows well in poor soil. By enriching the soil it benefits other plants that are growing nearby. A great plant for dry, hot areas. They thrive in drought conditions. Unlike other varieties of Caragana they do not sucker. They prefer well drained soil and full sun.


CHERRY - CARMINE JEWEL
Height: 6 - 8 ft
Spread: 6 ft
Flowers: Showy white flowers
Growth Rate: Fast
Lifespan: Average
Zone: 2b

Carmine Jewel is a dwarf sour cherry cultivar. It is extremely hardy to zone 2b and produces early-ripening, dark red fruit high in sugar and easy to harvest. Carmine Jewel is a combination of Mongolian Cherry (known for its small stature and excellent hardiness) and the sour cherry to produce small trees with fruit that looks and tastes like Evans. Carmine Jewel is generally grown as a shrub rather than a tree.

Additional information on Carmine Jewel


CHERRY - EVANS
Height: 12-15 feet
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Spread: Prune to a tree form or let it grow into a bush 8-10 feet
Flowers: Showy white flowers in mid May
Growth Rate: Fast
Lifespan: Average
Zone: 3

First established in the Edmonton area, these cherries are excellent for fresh eating, jams, jellies, pies, syrup and wine. Plant preferably in sand, sandy loam or clay type soils that are grassed in. They require a dry location so the roots can be dried out in August and September to harden off the growing tips. Planting in deep black loam soil causes the tree to grow too vigorously, leaving it susceptible to winter damage. They will bear fruit, under the proper conditions, the 3rd to 4th year. The cherries are comparable to BC cherries but are a little smaller and not quite as sweet, but they are delicious. The Evans cherry is self pollinating and have a beautiful brilliant orange fall color.

Additional information on cherries


CHERRY - NANKING
Height: 6-8 feet
BLACK OR RED
Also called Manchu Cherry

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Spread: 6-8 feet
Flowers: Pink buds open into white spring flowers
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short

Nanking cherry is the earliest blooming cherry and one of the best fruit-producers for northern areas. They have dull green, veined leaves that do not color up in the fall. The Nanking is an upright spreading bush.They make wonderful informal hedges, good for mass plantings in large shrub beds or background shrubs in small beds. Cross pollination is essential for good fruit production. Pincherry, Nanking cherry, chokecherry and sandcherry all cross-pollinate. Nanking cherries can self pollinate however cross pollination provides greater fruit production. They require full sun and moderately drained soil

Birds love these tiny, sweet cherries which are excellent for pies, jams and fresh off the bush.



CHERRY - UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN

In 2003, as part of a variety trial, five experimental cultivars were released to growers. They are identified with numbers due to their experimental nature. These selections differ in colour (from black to bright red), in maturity date (early or late), in use (fresh versus processing), and fruit size (medium to large). The experimental cultivars all exhibited good cold hardiness with reliable productivity in Saskatoon. (Zone 2b) Except for SK7-32-19.1, all cultivars bloom at a similar time although the date varies from year to year-from late May to early June.

SK7-7-5.8 Fruit is similar in appearance to Carmine Jewel but much later ripening and sweeter fruit, the cherries are dark red to black and good for fresh eating, processing and juice. Average weight is 4 gm which matures late August to early September. Grows to a height of 6.5 ft. with low suckering.
SK7-19-27.6 Fruit is medium-red and tart. Average fruit weighs 4.5 gm. It is one of the most productive cultivars and matures early August to mid-August. Grows to 8 ft. with some suckering, more than the other varieties. The fruit is best suited for processing as it is too tart for most people when fresh, however it pits easily with machanical pitting equipment which makes it quite suitable for pies.
SK7-21-16.3 Fruit is dark red and excellent when fresh. The flesh is more firm than the other varieties and the average weight is 6 gm. Matures in mid-August. The bush will grow to 5.5 ft. and has the lowest suckering habit of the 5 varieties. It has the sweetest fruit and is easily processed.

SK7-21-31.0 Fruit is dark red and excellent when fresh. The average weight is 5 gm and matures early August to mid-August. The bush will grow to 6.5 ft. and has low suckering habits. It is also easily processed fruit and very comparible in sweetness with SK7-21-16.3
SK7-32-19.1 Fruit is red to black with an average weight of 6.5 gm. Matures late August to early September with a more concentrated flavor. It blooms approximately one week later than the others and is a little more difficult to process with mechanical pitters. It will grow to a height of 6.5 ft with very good fruit when picked fresh.


PINCHERRY
Height: 12 - 16 feet

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Also called Wild Red Cherry

Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Flowers: Clusters of small white flowers in spring
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short to medium

The Pincherry provides year 'round interest. In the spring it blooms profusely with small clusters of tiny, white flowers. In the summer the branches are laden with tiny, slightly sour but quite tasty, red cherries and in the fall the long slender leaves turn orange and yellow. In the winter the reddish-brown bark provides an attractive contrast against a snowy background. Pincherries look quite similar to Mayday trees but are much smaller and are better suited for smaller yards. Pincherries make delightful jellies and syrups, pies, sauces and wines.
Grows best in a moist, well-drained sandy soil, but do not do well in alkali soils. Prefers full sun and is self pollinating. In shady sites it is much shorter lived. Pincherries have slight suckering habits.


CHERRY - MONGOLIAN
Height: 4 - 6 feet

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Spread: 3 - 4 feet
Flowers: Tiny white flowers
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short

Mongolian cherries grow on a small bush producing excellent dime sized cherries that are fantastic for jelly or syrup. It is an upright spreading shrub with glossy green leaves. The cherries are somewhat sour and not as suitable as other cherry varieties for eating off of the bush. The leaves turn yellow/orange in the fall. They prefer full sun and moderately moist, well drained soil. They have a slight tendency to sucker.


CHESTNUT - HARDY
Height: 18 - 25 ft.

Spread: 20 ft.
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan:

This tree is tolerant of the usual soil and environmental conditions to be found in urban communities and sheltered farmsteads. It is fully hardy. The light-orange autumn color is good but not outstanding. These trees have a tap root hence larger specimens may be difficult to transplant successfully. Because of their density, trees can create strong rain shadows. The fruit from the hardy chestnut can create minor maintenance issues if planted as a specimen tree. Mulching can be a great benefit when planted in a lawn or ornamental bed.



CHOKECHERRY - CANADA RED
Height: 12 - 15 feet

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Spread: 10 - 12 feet
Flowers: Clusters of white flowers in spring
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short to Medium

The Canada Red Chokecherry is a very hardy chokecherry that can be grown as an attractive bush or a small tree. It produces very large, high quality fruit which is outstanding for use in jellies, wines and syrup. The berries are black and quite juicy with a sweet flavor when ripe. Whether used for a shelterbelt or as a garden ornamental its beautiful burgundy foliage will add color, texture and striking contrast to your landscape. They grow well in alkaline soil, are extremely hardy and drought tolerant. Prefers full sun and is upright and spreading.

New growth on both the Canada Red and the Schubert Chokecherry is bright green, turning to red in July as the leaves age.


CHOKECHERRY - SCHUBERT
Height: 20 - 25 feet

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Spread: 16 - 20 feet
Flowers: White flowers in slender clusters 3-6 inches
Growth Rate: Fast
Lifespan: Short to Medium
Zone: 2

They are marvelous trees for contrast planting and smaller areas. They bloom profusely but briefly in the spring, with dense clusters of creamy white flowers. The fruit ripens to dark purple-black in late summer. It is a very showy tree with lovely purple-red foliage throughout the season.
Schubert is usually grafted and it may produce green-leaved watersprouts (shoots at the base of the trunk). Just cut these off as they appear.


CLEMATIS - BLUE BOY
Height:4 - 6 ft.


Spread: Climbing vine
Flowers: Steel blue
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Perennial

Clematis Blue Boy - A good steel blue with slightly nodding 4 - 5" flowers. The blooming time is June through September. The non clinging stems are most attractive if grown through a small shrub, or attached to a support. Plants should be cut back in late February or March to two strong sets of buds on each stem as close to ground level as possible. This will provide a plant with blooms that start near ground level and continue to the top of the plant. You can prune an established plant at almost any height or not prune at all to accomplish your objective. These plants bloom on the current season's growth so that if treated in an untraditional way the blooms will be at the top of the plant and a bare stem will gradually appear over a few years. Clematis such as "Blue Boy" will respond to supplemental feeding up until the buds are well formed. All feeding should stop in mid-August. The plants need time to slow down and settle in for winter. If feeding continues into the fall the soft growth will be damaged by frost.


CLEMATIS - YELLOW
Height: 6-8 feet
Spread: 6-8 feet
Flowers: Pink buds open into white spring flowers
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short

Yellow Clematis - The yellow clematis is a very vigorous and extremely hardy clematis. Flowers all summer. They prefer moist well drained soil. By far the hardiest of the clematis. Plant in full sunlight or partial shade. Clematis require a support structure such as a trellis. Ground cover or shading is helpful in keeping the roots cool and moist. It is a very tough and vigorous perennial.


COTONEASTER
Height: 7 Feet unless shaped with hedge cutters

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Spread: 3 - 5 Feet
Flowers: Small white flowers turning to bright red berries in autumn
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Medium

Suitable for any normal soil and extremely hardy. Has a new crop of leaves in October, which often last to spring in warm regions, but normally fall earlier in cold regions or in harsh winters. Semi-evergreen hedge with small, waxy, dark green leaves, small white flowers in June. Persistent red berries and brilliant orange/red foliage in autumn. Excellent for use in hedging with upright spreading growth. Trim back vigorous shoots after flowering and trim to shape in February, although it takes a nice form if left unpruned. For hedges 3-5 ft. plant 12-15 ins. apart. Cotoneaster is very tolerant of all soils. It prefers full sun but will tolerate shade as well.


CRAB - SIBERIAN
Height: 15 - 20 ft.


Spread: 15 ft.
Flowers: Pink flower buds open up to fragrant, white flowers
Growth Rate: medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: long

Crabapples are one of the most beautiful flowering trees in the spring and they provide beautiful color in the fall. The fruit is bright red to yellow and about 1/2" in diameter. The Siberian Crab is a very wide-spreading tree that is extremely hardy and can live well over 100 years. White flowering crabapples generally have more brightly colored fruit than pink flowering varieties. Avoid planting in low lying areas as they do not do well in wet conditions. Prune crabapples immediately after flowering because next spring's flowerbuds form in early summer. They are somewhat susceptible to fire-blight.

 




Snowball Cranberry - Mature height-2m Mature spread-2m The showiest flowers of all the Viburnums with large white round flowers in spring that make up for the fact that this shrub does not produce berries. The maple leaf shaped leaves command attention in the fall with colors ranging from red to bright orange.


CURRANT - BLACK
Height: 4 - 7 ft.

Spread: 4 - 7 ft.
Flowers: white flowers
Zone: 3

Black currant has distinctively aromatic foliage. The fruit is somewhat larger than that of the red currant. Although some people recommend currants for shady sites they tend to be less vigorous and prone to powdery mildew. Pruning of the old wood helps maintain a healty plant a compact shape. Prune immediately after flowering. For a casual hedge plant 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart.
Upright and fast growing shrub with abundant black fruit used for jams, jelly, pies or concentrate. Ripens from June to August. Fruit produced on new wood. White flowers in spring. Grows 4 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Planting in full sun is recommended. Hardy to zone 3



CURRANT - BUFFALO
Height: 4 feet
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Spread: 2 - 3 feet
Flowers: Yellow
Growth Rate: Fast
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Average
Produces large black currants in the late summer. Excellent for jams, juice, syrups and wine. The foliage is light green which turns yellow/orange in autumn. Will grow well in full sun or shade and is tolerant of dryer soils. The flowers smell like cloves and fantastic fall color make Buffalo Currant a lively addition to any landscape. They are self-fertile.

CURRANT - RED
Height: 3 - 4 feet

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Spread: 4 - 5 feet
Flowers: White flowers on old wood
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short to medium

From June to August these small shrubs produce abundant red fruit for jelly, preserves, juice and syrup. Quality berries are produced when they are planted in full sunlight with adequate air circulation around each shrub. Although currants are self-pollinating, harvests increase by planting two varieties. The green lobed leaves turn yellow in the fall. Will tolerate drier soils.


FERNS - NATIVE
Height: 36 - 48 inches

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Spread: 36 inches
Zone: 2
Growth: Perennial

Plant in the spring with the crown slightly below soil surface. Ferns do best in partial to full shade and in rich, moist soil. They will spread by underground roots and to start new plants, carefully dig up and separate the young plants from the mother plant. Native ferns are very hardy and their tender young shoots, or fiddleheads, are edible.


DIABLO NINEBARK
 
"Diabolo" is an easy growing shrub that is very hardy and adaptable to a wide range of conditions. It is tolerant of many soils, preferring a well drained site. It will take some shade but will have the best color in full sun. Reaching 5-6' high and 4-5' wide, this will do great in back of the perennial garden or mixed in shrub borders, or even as a foundation plant. The flowers and foliage are great for cutting.


DOLGO CRAB
Height:

Spread:
Growth:
Zone:
Flowers:
Dolgo Crab - Crabapples are useful as median trees where the fruit will not fall on pedestrians. Placed in the lawn area as an accent so they receive occasional irrigation, Dolgo crabapple will give you years of wonderful flowers and showy fruit. It is best to locate them away from a patio or other hard surface so the fruits will not cause a mess. Set it back just far enough so the crown will not overhang the walk, but close enough so the flowers and fruit can be enjoyed. Dolgo crabapple grows in moist, well-drained, acid soil in full sun locations for best flowering. They are not recommended for sandy soil due to their inability to tolerate drought, but any other soil is suitable, including some clay

DOGWOOD - RED
Height: 6 Feet

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Spread: 5 Feet
Growth: Medium
Zone: 2-3
Flowers: Early May, delicate white clusters

A large spreading shrub with white flowers and non-edible white/blue berries. Fall foliage is a bright orange/red and its bark is a very attractive deep red that will add color to your yard in winter, making Dogwood active in your yard throughout every season. Dogwood prefer moist soil and partial shade. Avoid where space is limited.

Dogwood prefers part sun and moist to wet soil.




ENGELMAN IVY
Height: 26 Feet

Growth: Medium/vigorous
Zone: 3

Engleman Ivy - This vine is noted for its brilliant burgundy-red fall foliage which intensifies in full sunlight. Very similar to Virginia Creeper except it has intertwining tendrils which cling to any rough surface, wherever they are planted. This variety is more resistent to insects and mildew. Gets blue/black berry-like fruit in the fall. Engleman Ivy may be planted in partial shade or full sunlight and can grow to 30 meters. Good to zone 3.



DWARF EUROPEAN CRANBERRY
Height: 2-3 Feet

Spread: 3-5 Feet
Growth: Medium
Zone: 2-3

Dwarf European Cranberry - Grows 2-3 feet tall and 3-5 feet wide. These small compact shrubs are excellent for low hedges or as a filler plant. Excellent for shady sites and for contrast planting. The Dwarf European Cranberry rarely blooms or produces berries. Makes an excellent small hedge that requires no trimming.


GOOSEBERRY
Height: 3 - 4 Feet

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Spread: 3 - 4 Feet
Zone : 2
Growth: Medium

These small shrubs are self-fertile and will produce abundant fruit for preserves when they are planted in full sunlight with adequate air circulation around each plant. Yellow spring flowers are followed by green berries which ripen into edible red fruit in July.


GRAPES
Height: Vines can grow 4 - 6 feet, need a support structure

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Beta and Valiant

Spread: 8 - 12 inches
Growth: Perennial

Native grapes to Manitoba and Saskatchewan. These hardy grapes are bred from the native variety and produce clusters of pea size grapes that make wonderful jelly. Plant in full sun.


HAWTHORN
Height: 15 - 20 feet

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Spread: 15 - 20 feet
Flowers: Clusters of pink or white double flowers.
Growth: Medium
Zone : 3
Lifespan: Short

Hawthorns are beautiful, compact trees with abundant, fragrant flowers, bright green leaves and colorful berries. They do well in sun to partial shade and well drained soil. It is an excellent feature tree and good for small yards.
The berries attract birds and the hawthorn is a vigorous tree that benefits from annual pruning. Prune after it flowers. They provide a splendid display of fall color.


HENS & CHICKS
Height: 1 - 3 inches

Spread: 2 - 36 inches
Flowers: will bloom in the summer, different varieties have different flowers
Growth: fast growing perennial, some species grow a couple of inches, others spread into a mat a few feet across
Zone : 2
Lifespan: These plants continually self-perpetuate. As the "mother hen" dies out, the young chicks take its place and new ones then grow into their place.

There are over 100 species all of which form low, succulent rosettes of leaves. They thrive in hot, dry, sunny locations and are very useful in rock gardens, for edging borders and along walls. Divide the plants when they become too crowded. Unlike other perennials hens and chicks can be divided any time during the growing season. Break off the small rosettes around the base of the old plants or the offshoots attached above ground to the central plant. With either type just press them into the soil in a new location.


HIGHBUSH CRANBERRY
Height t: 8 - 12 Feet

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Spread: 8 - 12 Feet
Flowers: Large clusters of white flowers
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone : 2b
Lifespan: Short to average

Highbush cranberry is sometimes confused with the true cranberry. Highbush Cranberry is a deciduous shrub with an open spreading habit. It is very winter hardy. Highbush cranberry flowers in early summer and produces fruit ripe by late summer. The native habitat of the Highbush cranberry is shady, moist places such as stream banks, wet thickets, and old river bottoms. For planting in orchard conditions, the soil should be a well-drained loam or silt loam with good moisture holding capacity and a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Highbush cranberry does not have a very deep rooting depth or spread. It takes several years after planting before fruit development occurs. Full production should be anticipated by the fourth or fifth year. The fruit is hard, crisp, and sour before ripening but becomes soft, palatable and lower in pectin after a frost. It makes an excellent ornamental.


HONEYBERRY
Height: 5'

Spread: 5'
Flowers: yellow - white
Growth Rate: perennial
Zone : 3

Honeyberry is a compact rounded shrub with dark green foliage in summer turning yellow in the fall. Closely related to the honeysuckle. It has yellowish-white flowers in summer followed by bluish, edible berries in the fall. Honeyberry attracts birds and will grow to 5 ft. tall with a spread of 5 ft. Plant in full sun. Hardy to zone 3. The two varieties that we have are Blue Belle and Berry Blue. Blue Belle is the best tasting and most productive with Berry Blue having the best tree shape and is not quite as sweet but still good. You must have 2 varieties for cross pollination. Blue Honeysuckles often bear fruit one year after planting. These varieties were bred in Russia. If you have tried the Canadian varieties of blue honeysuckle please realize that the old varieties are horrible compared to these new Russian varieties.


HONEYSUCKLE
Height: 5 feet

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Spread: 5 feet
Flowers: Red/orange
Growth: Perennial
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Longest blooming perennial vine

Honeysuckles are one of the longest blooming perennial vines; they flower from mid-spring right through to autumn frosts. These woody-stemmed vines are undemanding, have no special soil requirements and withstand periods of drought. The vines create a wall of dark green leaves and bright, 2-inch long tubular flowers, providing both beauty and privacy.
Grow in sun to partial shade, in moist, well drained soil with south or west exposure. Honeysuckle needs a support structure. Do not trim back in winter. Honeysuckle vines bloom on new wood. Wait until the leaves begin to unfold in spring before pruning and cut vines back just above the uppermost buds.


HOPS
Height: 12 - 20 Feet


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Spread: 5 - 6 Feet
Flowers: Green gold
Zone: 2
Growth: Fast growing perennial vine

Hops is an incredibly fast-growing, thick vine with large, heart-shaped leaves. The vine dies to the ground in winter, but quickly shoots up the next season to a height of about 20 feet. This plant is ideal if you want an attractive, thick mass of foliage to provide privacy, shade a front porch or hide unattractive areas.
Plant in sun or partial shade. Hops need a support structure or fence to climb. Hops can also be used as a ground cover when they have no support.
Hops thrive on neglect. Once it is established, it is heat and drought tolerant.


HYDRANGEA-ANNABELLE
Height: 4-5 ft.



Spread: 3 ft.
Flowers: Creamy white double flowers
Zone: 3
Growth: Fast

Low growing shrub with large 12 inch globe-shaped clusters of long lasting pure white flowers throughout the summer. Stunning accent to any landscape. Plant in partial sun to full shade.


IRIS - SIBERIAN
Height: 3 Feet


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Spread: 2 Feet
Flowers: Purple, light purple
Growth: Perennial
Zone: 1
Bloom: Early summer

Irises are one of the most beautiful flowers in the garden. Although their spectacular flowers last only a few weeks, the attractive foliage enhances other flowers when irises are not in bloom. Siberian irises have delicate looking flowers on tall stems and grassy foliage; they are among the hardiest of irises.
Plant in full sun to partial shade. Siberian irises may not need dividing for up to 10 years. They make great cut flowers for bouquets.


LARCH
Height: 40 - 60 feet

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Spread: 10 - 12 feet
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Long

As the name implies, this species is native to Siberia and northeast Russia and is much better adapted to dry conditions than our own tamarack. It is a large, fairly fast growing tree that retains a pyramidal form throughout its life. The branches arch gracefully down, turning up at their tips.
In fall, as leaves on other trees turn color, the soft needles of larch turn from green to bright golden-yellow. Larch is unusual in that it is a deciduous conifer; unlike most cone-bearing trees, it sheds its foliage in the fall. Larch needles are soft to touch. Few trees are as hardy as the Larch.
Because of its size, the Siberian Larch is well suited as a specimen tree in larger urban yards, acreages and farm plantings. It is used in shelterbelts, where it establishes quickly.

It prefers a shaded habitat and is hardy in either wet or dry soils.



LILAC - MISS KIM
Height: 3 -5 Feet

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Spread: 3 - 5 Feet
Flowers: Purple blue 4 - 6 Inches
Growth: Slow
Zone: 3
Lifespan: Long

Miss Kim Lilac is a slow growing, dwarf variety. It has stunning, purple-blue flowers in long clusters. They are very strong, exotic with a somewhat spicy fragrance. Small leaves are finely edged in maroon and the dark green foliage turns wine-red in the fall. Miss Kim is non-suckering, the smallest of the lilacs and one of the nicest varieties.
Prune just after flowering, as lilacs form next spring's flowerbuds in the summer. Do not prune branch tips but rather every other branch.
Lilacs bloom for two to three weeks in the spring but by growing different types you can have lilacs in flower for almost two months. For the longest lasting flower color plant in a site that is lightly shaded during the hottest part of the day. Hot sun causes flower color to fade. Don't however plant lilacs in a site that receives less than six hours of direct sunlight, because they won't bloom well.


LILAC - VILLOSA
Height: 9 - 12 Feet



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Spread: 4 - 6 Feet
Flowers:
Growth: Fast to Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Long

Villosa lilac was introduced in North America from Northern China and Mongolia. It performs well in all regions of the prairies. Villosa lilac is a large coarse shrub, with rapid growth rate when young. Flowers are borne in clusters at the ends of branches during mid and late June, thereby giving its name late lilac. The florets vary in color from washed out mauve, pink, fading to white as the flowers mature. The flowers appear approximately two weeks later than common lilac. This lilac is non-suckering and deep rooted, and does not compete with adjacent crops or gardens. It prefers sun to part shade and is very tolerant of all soil types. Villosa lilac makes a great hedge or shelterbelt.


Wedgewood Blue Lilac
 
Unique for its lilac-pink buds this cultivar possesses beautiful blue colour. It is very showy with a fine fragrance. A Father Fiala introduction, classified as excellent mildew resistant. The shrub matures to a height of 6 feet and a spread of 8 feet, and it is ideal for hedges.

Madame Lamoine Lilac
 
An elegant lilac with panicles of marvellously fragrant, double white flowers in May and June and heart-shaped, fresh-green leaves. Gorgeous scented lilac grafted for a bushy head. Lovely strong plants, grows to 150cms tall. Very well branched head for lots of fragrant blooms.



Tinkerbell Lilac
 
Tinkerbelle Lilac - is one of the Fairytale Series and has an upright shape with incredible wine red flower buds. They open to single, bright pink blooms, with a spicy fragrance, in late spring. Tinkerbelle lilac is an excellent choice for foundation plantings or as a specimen. This lilac tolerates light shade, but best bloom quality and disease resistance occur in full sun. It prefers rich, moist, neutral soils. It should be pruned as needed immediately after flowering. This upright lilac forms a wonderful small tree, with rosy-lilac buds that are wonderfully fragrant. It grows 5-6 feet in height and 4-5 feet in width. It is a rounded, upright, non-suckering, deciduous shrub, and is perhaps best noted for its compact shape.

MAPLE - AMUR
Height:20 ft.


Spread:13 ft.
Flowers: Small greenish yellow in clusters
Growth:Fairly fast
Zone: 3
Lifespan: n/a

Maples are treasured for their classic leaf shape and vivid fall color. Fairly fast growing small tree with a graceful spreading form. Low-headed, globe-shaped tree or large, upright-spreading shrub. Attractive glossy green foliage in summer turns a vivid green scarlet in the fall. Color from the fruit is also conspicuous and ornamental. The fruit colors up in August, the foliage in September. The Amur Maple tolerates most soil conditions but prefers moist. Plant in full sun.


MAPLE - MANITOBA
Height: 35-45 ft.

Spread: 30-35 ft.
Growth: Fast
Zone: 3
Lifespan: n/a

The Manitoba Maple, also known as the Box-Elder is a high- headed, upright-oval shaped tree that is ideal for climbing structures and tree houses once mature. It has brilliant yellow fall color and is known for its tolerance of cold, drought and soil conditions. It prefers a fairly moist location but will tolerate drier conditions. Plant in full sun.


MIXED WILD ROSE
Height: 3 feet



Spread:
Growth:Perennial
Zone: 1

Mixed Wild Rose - It is a small shrub that grows in a wide range of soil conditions. This rose is found in prairies, meadows, and open woodlands. It grows up to 3 feet tall and blooms in June with masses of pink to dark pink, fragrant blossoms. The small, red, apple-shaped hips appear in late summer. It is said that three rose hips from these wild rose species contain as much vitamin C as one orange. Indians and pioneers ate the hips, flowers, and leaves when other food was scarce. The hips of wild roses are considered an important food source for wildlife.



Mock Orange - With long branches loaded with pure white, fragrant flowers, mock orange is a popular garden shrub wherever it is hardy. It blooms once each spring. Flowers are about an inch wide. Leaves are pointed ovals and drop in fall. Mature bushes can be 12 feet tall and wide. A spring flowering shrub, the mock orange sometimes produces double blooms. Plant shrubs with ample spacing between them, in any soil. They do best in rich soil with good drainage, slightly acidic to neutral. If necessary, prune after flowers finish blooming to improve the shape of the plant and to keep the bushes from getting too thick or the canes too old.


OAK - BURR
Height: 40 - 50 Feet



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Spread: 30 - 40 Feet
Growth: Slow to medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Very long

Click to enlarge Burr Oak is a very impressive tree with dark green summer foliage. The leaves turn to a yellow-green in the fall. It has thick furrowed bark, is pollution tolerant and very adaptable and hardy. They will grow well in either wet or dry conditions.

They produce an attractive fringed acorn, set against uniquely shaped leaves. Quite tolerant of automobile exhaust they make great boulevard trees. The life span of the Burr Oak is 200 years and the acorns are edible.



ONION - EGYPTIAN
Height: 12 to 24 Inches

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Spread: 12 to 15 Inches
Zone:1
Growth: Perennial

A delightful perennial onion that returns every spring and never needs digging. Bulbs grow on top of the stalks. Stalks can be used in place of green onions and the bulbs can be chopped and used like garlic. The stalks can be used in place of green onion. Egyptian onions can also be used in pots or flowerbeds as contrast plants. Very hardy and prefers full sun to partial shade. They are extremely versatile in all types of soil.



PEAR - SIBERIAN
Height: 15 - 18 Feet

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Spread: 12 Feet
Zone: 3
Growth: Fast to Medium

The Russian Pear is a hardy plant, well adapted to most climates in the region, though shelter from wind is important in the south. It is not generally recommended for extreme alkali soils. While this is an excellent flowering tree, it does not bloom fully until it is well matured. The fruit is produced in great abundance and are slightly smaller than Bartlett pears.
As ornamentals these hardy pears are worth growing for their flowers and their autumn color. Flowers are perfect, white, about 4 cm. in diameter and are produced early in the spring.
A very hardy tree with a fantastic display or flowers. Fruit is egg-sized, yellow and red and great for eating or preserving. It is a vigorous grower once established. Another variety of pear is needed for pollination.



PEONY
Height: 30 - 40 Inches

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Spread: 36 Inches
Growth: Perennial

Peonies may just be the showiest, longest lived and hardiest of al perennials. As well as having magnificent flowers, these plants are tough. Each flower sits atop a long stem, above deep green, glossy leaves that remain attractive all season. These shrubby plants bloom late spring and early summer in shades of pink.
Plant in light shade. Peonies need at least 6 hours of sunlight each day in order to bloom well. They can be used for borders, in flowerbeds, backgrounds, isolated groups or in hedges.
Plants usually need staking while in bloom because of the weight and size of the flowers. Water well during periods of drought, especially after flowering because this when the next year's flowerbuds are formed. Water at the base of the plant rather than overhead as this helps prevent disease.
In late fall after a hard frost has turned peony leaves brown, cut the stems to the ground. This also helps prevent disease. Divide plants in September.



PINE - LODGEPOLE
Height: 65-70 feet

Spread: 15-20 feet
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 3
Lifespan: Long

The lodgepole pine has a very flexible wood that was once used by the native people to build teepees and lodges, hence its name. It grows 30 to 35 meters high and lives for 200 years. Its needles are strongly twisted. Its cones have scales with a curved prickle that is held closed by a resin bond. To open, the cones need to be exposed to intense heat from a wildfire or from direct sunlight. Most pure stands are therefore established on burn areas. The lodgepole pine is found in western Canada and the northwestern United States. It is distributed inland to western Alberta. It is found in pure, sometimes very dense, stands, and on different types of soils. Its wood is soft to moderately hard and light yellow in color. An important source of timber, it is used in construction and for pulp wood, and after treatment with preservatives, for railway ties and poles.



PINE - MUGO
Height: 9 - 20 feet (depending on growth control)

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Spread: 6 - 10 feet
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 3
Lifespan: Long

The Mugo Pine is very underused as a shelterbelt or privacy screen for larger properties. Its drought tolerance and extreme hardiness makes it ideal for the prairies. If the "candles" are trimmed it will form an extremely bushy upright pine which can grow to 20 feet. Mugos are also a wonderful, larger bed feature tree. Excellent as an ornamental or specimen tree.
It prefers moist but well drained soil and full sun.



PINE - PONDEROSA
Height: 40 - 50 feet

Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 3
Lifespan: Long

The beautiful orange brown furrowed bark & yellowish green needles of the Ponderosa Pine is a rare sight on the prairies. Extremely drought resistant, this Chinook tolerant prairie strain of Ponderosa will make an uncommon addition to your landscape. It has a wide spreading root system with a deep and massive tap root. The Ponderosa is slow to start but once established can grow 3 feet per year. Ponderosa Pine makes an excellent specimen tree or shelterbelt. It prefers full sun and moist but well drained soil.



PINE - SCOTS/SCOTCH
Height: 35 - 45 feet

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Spread: 15 - 25 feet
Growth Rate: Fast to Medium
Zone: 3
Lifespan: Long

Scots/Scotch Pines have attractive orange-red bark on their upper trunks and branches. The bark on the lower trunk is grayish brown. They have beautiful shiny green needles. This is a stunning tree with a dense columnar shape. Excellent as a feature tree or in groups. The Scotch Pine requires a loamy, well-drained and slightly acidic soil. Scots/Scotch Pine are pyramidal when young but can lose their symmetry with age.
The soil beneath pine trees is dry and can become quite acidic.


PLUM - CANADA
Height: 10-15 ft.

Spread: 10 ft.
Growth Rate:Medium
Zone: 3
Lifespan: n/a

Ornamental plums are prized for their spectacular spring flowers. They produce flowers before derrated foliage in the early spring. Plums flower profusely in full sunlight. The Canada plum is a good, small, spring-flowering tree for locations where the low-headed characteristic will not interfere with the activities of people. This species has been used in breeding programs leading to the developement of better edible plums for the prairies. It produces abundant white flowers and is very hardy to zone 3. Plant in full sun for best results.




Plum - Double Flowering - The double flowering plum is a showstopper in May across the North. Anyone who has seen a mature specimen in full bloom will have it indelibly etched into their memories for life, and the result is usually a quick trip to the nursery. The fully double hot pink flowers completely smother the branches in early spring long before the leaves emerge, rendering the entire plant an unmistakable fluffy pink cloud in the landscape. The rest of the year it remains a relatively attractive although somewhat diminished shrub, and the foliage may even turn pretty tones of gold and rose in fall. Double flowering plum needs lots of sun and lots of space to look its best. Like all members of the Prunus family, it will tolerate a wide range of soils as long as they are extremely well drained.



POPLAR - BYLAND
Height: 50 - 55Feet


Spread: 30 - 40 Feet
Zone: 3
Growth: Fast

Upright growth habit, reaching 50 55 feet. The Byland Poplar has dark green foliage and wonderful fall color in shades of yellow. Very hardy specimen, excellent for shelterbelts, shade or park specimens. It is a fast growing cottonless poplar and does not sucker. It is very similar to Brooks Poplar but has greener bark.


POPLAR - BROOKS #6
Height: 40 - 50 Feet


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Spread: 30 - 40 Feet
Zone: 3
Growth: Fast

A fast growing poplar that is well suited for life on the prairies. A vigorous grower with a somewhat upright form. Great for shelterbelts or any decorative purpose. It can be expected to reach a height of 6 m (20 ft) in five to seven years from a one-year-old rooted cutting. Its useful life is between 15 and 30 years.
Wide soil adaptation. Requires generous amounts of water, but will survive while exposed to short periods of low moisture. Can be planted in full sun or half shade. Brooks poplars are used for shade trees, accent plantings, street trees, parks plantings and shelterbelts. They are too large for a normal city lot, but good for large properties and parks. It is one of the two most desirable large male hybrid poplars in Alberta.
Extensive root system may spread up to four times the height of the tree. Roots may invade cracks in pavement, concrete and sewer lines, causing further damage. Roots will sucker if damaged.
Poplars are very tolerant of all types of soil and prefer full sun.

Prairie Sky Poplar - A tall, narrowly upright and fast-growing tree that's tolerant of the worst growing conditions.Prairie Sky has an aggressive root system, so don't plant near the house however it makes a fine windbreak or quick shade tree. Prairie Sky Poplar has green foliage throughout the season. The large heart-shaped leaves turn yellow in fall. Prairie Sky Poplar is a deciduous tree with a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

POTENTILLA
Height: 3 Feet

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Spread: 3 Feet
Growth: Medium
Zone: 2
Flowers: Yellow, pink, orange or white flowers all summer long.

Potentillas are lovely, easy to care for shrubs that brighten gardens with their abundant, saucer-shaped flowers which last all summer. These extremely adaptable shrubs grow well in most types of soil and are small enough to fit easily into almost any garden. Potentillas have fine textured, green to silvery foliage.
Plant in full sun to partial shade. Suitable for mass plantings, in groups, foundation plantings, borders, raised beds or large containers. Excellent for hedge plantings as well.
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RASPBERRIES
Height: 6 Feet
(BOYNE & PRIMOCANE)
Zone: 1
Spread: 1 Foot


Boyne: Raspberries can be grown anywhere in the province. It is slightly more difficult to grow them in the Chinook belt of southern Alberta, however, Boyne raspberries are by far the most winter hardy raspberries available. They produce excellent yields of good sized, juicy, sweet red berries. Very vigorous growers and they are self fertile.
Primocane: These raspberries are also a hardy variety for the prairies. These raspberries do not require thinning or pruning. They can be mown down every year to within a couple of inches, or we prefer to cut ours down every 2 or 3 years to clean up the patch. Fruits mid summer through fall. Recommended spacing for planting is 1' apart, their spread is also 1'. Self fertile.
Raspberries can be planted in full sun or partial shade.
Heritage Yellow Raspberry: Continual harvest of sweet, red fruit--moderate summer crop, then a heavy one August to frost. Mow canes off after frost - no pruning needed.

Red Mammoth Raspberry: This is a berry no raspberry lover can do without. You'll enjoy juicy fruits so plentiful, you'll have enough Mammoth Red Raspberries for jams, desserts or freezing. Zone 3 to 8


GERMAN WINE RHUBARB
 

German Wine Rhubarb - A fantastic rhubarb variety which is extremely productive. It has great flavor and texture and makes fantastic pies or wine. The leaves can grow a meter in diameter. Plant in nice rich soil and stand back! A deep red petiole is the more popular among consumers, but these plants are often accompanied by poor growth and yield. Green varieties are often much more productive. Consumers also often assume the red stemmed rhubarb is sweeter than other colors but color and sweetness are not necessarily related. The Victoria variety, which is probably the greenest variety, can produce some very sweet stems. German Wine Rhubarb is a green variety similar to Victoria but slightly more vigorous and more intense in color, typically with a darker pink speckling on a green stem.

ROSE - MIXED WILD
Height: 2 - 8 ft. (varies)

Spread: 2 - 6 ft. (varies)
Zone: 3
Growth Rate: Medium
This blend of wild roses was hand picked from native wild rose bushes right here in Alberta. Ideal for casual flowerbeds or "wild flower" gardens, or for specimen planting. The flowers vary in shades from light pink to very deep pink, and from single to double. This blend of roses are very hardy to harsh conditions and will thrive in most locations. Hardy roses are as easy to grow as any other shrub, but they bloom far longer. Hardy roses also need no special winter protection. More and more gardeners are discovering the carefree beauty of wild and hardy roses. Plant in full sun to partial shade.

RUSSIAN ALMOND
Height: 3 Feet
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Spread: 3 Feet
Zone: 3
Growth Rate: Fast
Rosy pink flowers with narrow green leaves. The Russian Almond flowers in early May. The foliage turns a stunning scarlet red in the fall. Its suckering growth habit makes it suitable for mass plantings. It prefers sun to partial shade and will grow vigorously in moist well drained soil.

RUSSIAN OLIVE
Height: 26 ft.
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Spread: 26 ft.
Zone: 2
Growth Rate: Medium
Showy landscape plant that can be grown as a tree or a shrub. Unusual, attractive silver foliage, fragrant flowers. The flowers are among the most fragrant of all trees in my area. It is very salt and drought tolerant. Plant in full sun. Russian Olive prefers average to hot, dry sites. Do not plant Russian Olive in heavy clay soil or in low-lying areas where water tends to pool. Prune Russian Olive in late winter to early spring, before the leaves reappear. Over fertilized or over watered Russian Olives produce soft, weak growth and are more susceptible to insects and disease. Russian Olive is one of the last trees to leaf out in spring, but also one of the last to lose its leaves in fall. The leaves often remain on the branches well into December. The branches of this tree are covered in 2 to 4 inch thorns.

SANDCHERRY - WESTERN
Height: 5-6 ft.

Spread: 5-6 ft.
Flowers: Small whiteflowers in early spring
Zone: 3
Growth Rate: Medium
Sandcherries are one of the first shrubs to bloom in spring. Its branches are covered in a profusion of small, fragrant, white, single flowers before the leaves are fully open.The Western Sandcherry hasgreen foliage and is used primarily as a cultivar for other prunus trees or bushes. The tiny white flowers are followed by black fruit in later summer. Purpleleaf sandcherry can be very particular about its placing in a garden but Western Sandcherry is very hardy to our climate. Avoid planting this shrub in low-lying, wet areas, where water will pool around the roots. Without pruning, sandcherry will become sparse. To keep it dense and compact, prune it annually, immediately after flowering.

SEA BUCKTHORN
Height: 12 - 16 feet
Spread: 12 feet
Flowers: Tiny yellow flowers in spring
Growth Rate: Medium
Zone: 2
Lifespan: Short to average
Silvery leaves provide great contrast in the garden throughout the summer with particularly attractive bright orange berries which remain on the tree throughout the winter. It is more suitable along roadsides or out of the way plantings because of its formidable thorns. Sea Buckthorn can be pruned to form a short tree or left to grow naturally to form a round bush. In a shelterbelt planting it will form and impenitratable barrier. The Sea Buckthorn has suckering habits and a male and female plant are needed to produce fruit. It prefers full sun and dry alkali soils. The fruit contains the highest known concentration of Vitamin C and are widely known to have medicinal properties.


SPRUCE - BLUE (COLORADO)
Height: 60-80 feet


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Spread: 8 - 10 feet
Cones: Brown and small
Growth Rate: Slow to medium
Zone: 2-3
Lifespan: Long

Colorado Blue Spruce display long, blue, rigid needles. It is also the most widely planted prairie favorite. Very drought resistant and are ideal in moist, sandy or well drained soil. They grow best in full sun or partial shade and make excellent year round shelterbelts or privacy screens. Spruce do not require pruning and are very low maintenance.
To intensify the blue color, use a fertilizer that contains chelated iron. Excessive use of dormant oil for pest control can cause fading of the color and should be avoided.
If you want a perfectly shaped spruce you must plant it in an open area, well away from any shade. Shaded branches grow very poorly and it will lose its symmetry and rigor.
Whether you are growing them for a feature tree or for resale value, the Colorado Spruce is a proven winner.

Note: Under drier conditions mulching with 3 to 4 inches of wood chips will substantially improve their growth rate and assist in maintaining moisture.



SPRUCE - WHITE
Height: 60 - 80 feet

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Spread: 10 - 20 feet
Cones: Brown and small
Growth Rate: Slow to medium
Zone: 1
Lifespan: Long

The White Spruce is very similar to the Colorado with the exception of the blue tones in the needles. It is also the provincial tree of Manitoba and is a very hardy tree. It is native throughout the prairies and is very drought tolerant. The white spruce makes a good landscape tree because of its form, dense habit of growth and beautiful texture. An appealing year round appearance makes it effective as a single specimen or in groups. White Spruce prefers full sun or partial sun and well drained moist soil.



STRAWBERRIES
We recommend that you plant your strawberries in a grid 6-8" apart in a band 2-3' wide. Sixty plants would cover and area about 6' x 3'.



Zone: 2-3

June Bearing: Kent, Glooscap, Cavendish (Bear their fruit in one burst, yield is the same as Everbearing, approximately 1/2 litre per plant)
Everbearing: Seascape (Bear their fruit from early July continuously until fall. You won't get more, but the same amount over a longer period of time)

Strawberries have always been and still are a traditional prairie favorite! Despite being a valuable addition to any home garden, strawberries have enormous potential as a U-Pick operation. They prefer full sun and moist soil.
Kent: Very flavorful and the number one seller! Smaller fruit of the varieties but with the biggest taste and sweetness!
Glooscap: Large and very productive strawberry. Slightly juicier than the Kent.
Cavendish: An excellent variety with very large fruit and a sweet flavor.
Seascape: Very large berry that produces all summer. Delicate flavor and very juicy.


VIRGINIA CREEPER
Height: 10 - 20 feet

Spread: 4 - 5 feet
Zone: 3
A reliable climbing vine. Attractive leaflets arranged in a fan shape. Produces small clusters of blue berries and has spectacular fall colors! Grows in all conditions. Virginia Creeper requires a support structure. It prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well drained soil.

WILLOW - GOLDEN
Height: 23 - 36 ft.

Spread: 30 ft.
Zone: 3
Growth: Fast
Golden Willow - Golden willow is distinguished by its shining golden twigs. The masses of bright golden yellow twigs are distinctly showy and may be considered as an ornamental asset to the winter scene. They are also used for wicker work and basketry. This fast-growing, deciduous shrub or tree can grow to a mature height of 7 to 12 m (23 to 36 ft), with a spread of 9 m (30 ft). It has an annual growth rate of 50 to 150 cm (1.5 to 3.5 ft), and a useful lifespan of 25 to 60 years. Golden willow can be planted in full sun or half shade. It likes moisture, but not poorly drained soil, and does not tolerate drought well.


WILLOW - LAUREL LEAF
Height: 35 - 45 ft.

Spread: 25 - 35
Zone: 3
Growth: Slow
These trees have massive heads, short stout trunks, and root systems that are not that stable if planted in unusually wet places. Glossy, green leaves are retained long into autumn. The Laurel Leaf Willow is a big, hardy shade tree with furrowed bark for large areas. It grows to 35 -45 ft. high with a 25 - 35 ft spread. It is an excellent climbing tree for youngsters because of its low headed character and deeply furrowed bark.

WILLOW - PUSSY
Height:


Spread:
Zone: 3
Growth: Medium
Shrub or a small tree which grows to 30 feet tall with open, rounded crowns. The branches are dark brown to yellowish. The mature bark is greyish, grooved near the base of the shrub. They flourish on stream banks, slow margins or aspen and mixed woods. The leaves are oval and dull to shiny light green or silvery with a white bloom. A wide-spreading, much branched form is characteristic of pussy willow. The Blackfoot made a brew of the twigs steeped in boiling water to relieve pain and fever. they also used the wood for furniture, tepee pegs and sweat-lodges, the spring buds for a red dye and the tannin in the bark to tan hides. The catkins of pussy willow are also very popular in floral displays.

WILLOW - WEEPING
Height: 30 - 50 Feet

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Spread: up to 35 Feet
Flowers:
Growth: Fast
Lifespan: Medium
Zone: 2

The weeping willow can grow anywhere from 30-50 feet tall. It can obtain a trunk diameter of 1-3 feet. It is known for its drooping leaves and branches. The leaves of the willow appear long and narrow and are whitened underneath. These trees are native to China, but can be found in Canada and the United States. Weeping Willows like a moist environment and can be found along streams and rivers. These trees prefer a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position. Should be planted away from septic systems because of its intrusive root system.




WILLOW - WOLF
Height: 8 Feet

Spread: Suckering habits
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Growth: Medium
Zone: 2

Native to the prairies, wolf willow casts its sweet scent along fence lines in May. An upright and sometimes leggy shrub of up to 8 feet, it suckers freely forming thickets. The branches and leaves are covered with silvery scales. The tubular flowers are inconspicuous, silver outside and yellow inside. They have four petals and are extremely fragrant. The small silver fruit is dry and mealy.
Plant in full sun in a variety of soils. It is saline tolerant.
Wolf willow is used for wildlife plantings, naturalization, reclamation and on banks and slopes to control erosion. A good shrub for low wet spots, great for filling up large wet areas. Best for acreage plantings or pruned into a hedge form. It is a very vigorous grower and makes a wonderful contrast planting.


THE VALUE OF TREES
Urban Trees Can Save Hundreds of Millions


Economists and environmental doubters should take note of a recent Oregon study. It shows how the tree canopy of the Williamette/Lower Columbia Region (this area includes Portland, Oregon - and a population of more than two million) provides hundreds of millions of dollars in environmental and economic benefits such as reducing stormwater runoff, energy usage and air pollution.

The region's trees remove 178 million pounds of pollutants annually, a savings valued at $419 million. Sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone and particulate matter are among the pollutants trees absorb.

The study noted that the area's tree cover declined by 22% over the past 28 years, costing communities billions of dollars in lost benefits. Losing tree cover reduces environmental quality and the overall health of a community. If the 1972 tree canopy had been retained, an estimated 58 million tons of carbon would not have entered the atmosphere. The lost tree cover increased stormwater runoff that costs and estimated $2.4 billion to manage and would have removed 138 million pounds of pollutants annually, valued at $322 million per year.

The existing tree cover is saving communities in the region an estimated $20.2 billion in stormwater management costs (the amount it could cost to build a facility to handle that amount of stormwater runoff). Besides reducing the need for stormwater facilities, trees act as filters that help purify water. Water quality is of special importance in the US Pacific Northwest because of the need to improve aquatic habitats for threatened and endangered salmon species.

Trees also help shade and cool homes during hot summer months, thus reducing the amount of electricity needed to run air conditioners. Trees provide an estimated $1.86 million in annual energy savings for communities in the area. Reducing energy use also reduces the amount of carbon emissions by utility companies. Direct tree shading prevents approximately 140,000 tons of carbon from being emitted into the atmosphere annually.

Standard urban development approaches create a gray infrastructure (sidewalks, roads, and buildings) by removing green the infrastructure (trees). This tree-loss trend has adverse environmental and financial effects and degrades the overall health and quality of urban, suburban and rural environments. American Forests recommends that urban regions maintain an average 40% tree cover.

The moral of the story...PLANT TREES!